HTML <th> scope Attribute

The scope attribute on a <th> tag specifies how a header cell should be interpreted in the table. A table header cells can be used as a header for row, column, colgroup, or rowgroup.

Example

#

A scope attribute on <th> elements.
The header cells are defined as column headers.

Name Country
Denice Templeman Italy
Paulo Cornell USA
Maria Larsson Sweden
<style>
  table.tb { width: 300px; border-collapse: collapse; }
  .tb th { background-color: lightblue; }
  .tb th, .tb td { border: solid 1px #777; padding: 5px; }
</style>

<table class="tb">
  <tr>
    <th scope="col">Name</th> 
    <th scope="col">Country</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Denice Templeman</td>
    <td>Italy</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Paulo Cornell</td>
    <td>USA</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Maria Larsson</td>
    <td>Sweden</td>
  </tr>
</table>

Using scope

The scope attributes specifies how a table header cell is used.

Table header cells can be used as a header for row, column, colgroup, or rowgroup.

This attribute has no visual effect. It is used by screen readers, JavaScript, etc.


Syntax

<th scope="col | row | colgroup | rowgroup">

Values

#

Value Description
col Header applies to a column.
row Header applies to a row.
colgroup Header applies to a group of columns (colgroup).
rowgroup Header applies to a group of rows (rowgroup).

Browser support

Here is when scope support started for each browser:

Chrome
1.0 Sep 2008
Firefox
1.0 Sep 2002
IE/Edge
1.0 Aug 1995
Opera
1.0 Jan 2006
Safari
1.0 Jan 2003

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