HTML <textarea> dirname Attribute

The dirname attribute on a <textarea> tag submits the direction, left-to-right or right-to-left, of the textarea element.

Example

#

A dirname attribute on a <textarea> element.
Submitting this form will send the textarea value and its direction.



<form action="/tutorial/action.html">
  <label for="message">Message:</label><br />
  <textarea id="message" name="message" 
            dirname="message.dir" cols="50"></textarea><br/>

  <input type="submit" value="Submit">
</form>

Using dirname

The dirname attribute submits the text direction together with the value of the textarea element.

The name of this attribute must be the textarea name followed by .dir.

This attribute helps in identifying the correct direction for the textarea's text.

Here is a list of the languages that are written from right-to-left (rtl):

  • Arabic
  • Aramaic
  • Azeri
  • Dhivehi/Maldivian
  • Hebrew
  • Kurdish (Sorani)
  • Persian/Farsi
  • Urdu

Syntax

<textarea name="text" dirname="textarea_name.dir">

Values

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Value Description
textarea_name.dir Submits the text direction of the textarea value.
Possible values are ltr (left-to-right) or rtl (right-to-left).

Browser support

Here is when dirname support started for each browser:

Chrome
1.0 Sep 2008
Firefox
Not Supported
IE/Edge
79.0 Jan 2020
Opera
1.0 Jan 2006
Safari
1.0 Jan 2003

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